Doping can in wide terms be characterized as the use of banned performance-enhancing drugs in human "sports" We have seen many doping scandals over the years, but nothing comes up on the side of the insane show that has surrounded the person Lance Armstrong in the recent times. Here is a list of the 10 most known incideints.
10. Chinese female swimmers
Before the 2000 Olympics in Sydney China withdrew 27 members from its 311-strong Olympic team. This was two weeks later than IOC's announcement to approve blood testing for the first time, to catch athletes using EPO. Before the Olympics 10 Chinese swimmers and swimming coaches were suspended for doping offences. Among them the Chinese swimming queen Wu Yanyan who was sentenced to four-year suspension from the sport for taking anabolic steroids. Uptil then china had been dominating the international female swimming scene for more than a decade. At the Olympics in Barcelona in 1992 won the Chinese four gold medals, but two years after the World Championships in Rome the muscolar Chinese women graped 12 of 16 medals.
9. Adrian Mutu
Adrian Mutu is a talented Romanian football player who was first thrown uf Chelsea for cocaine use in 2005. He played for Fiorentina when in January 2010 he tested positive for the substance sibutramine after the 2-1 victory over Bari. Mutu has throughout his career been associated with scandals involving stimulants.
Even though he was not in Endurance sports and nothing ever can change his performance on the field. Maradona is considered one of the sport's most controversial persons in relation to doping. He was suspended from football for 15 months in 1991 after failing a drug test, for cocaine, in Italy, and he was sent home from the 1994 World Cup in the USA after testing positive for ephedrine.
7. The systematic Doping of The former GDR
GDR was during the 1970s one of the most successful nations at the Olympic Games. Compared to the number of inhabitants the number of Medals won by DDR was impressive. But when the GDR's archives were opened after the fall of the Berlin wall, it was proven that the results were helped by a huge systematic use of doping. Doping was sponsored by the state and managed by hundreds of highly trained physicians. It was not even all East German athletes who knew they were doped.
6. Marion Jones
For several years, Marion Jones was trained by controversial coaches, including Charlie Francis, who had been coach of the doping offenders Ben Johnson. They probably had a bad influence on her, because at a press conference in 2007 she recognized to the press to have been doped during the 2000 Olympic Games in Sydney and on this basis to have come unlawfully to his gold medals.
5. The Mitchell Report
America's national sport - baseball - was shaken by one of the biggest scandals in the history of sport as the long-awaited Mitchell report found that dozens of top stars had taken performance-enhancing steroids. 80 players were accused of taking steroids, while the professional American baseball league did little to reveal the abuse. Among the best known were superstar Barry Bonds.
4. The 1998 Festina affair.
The affair began when a large haul of doping products was found in a car of the Festina cycling team just before the start of the race. An investigation was followed by the opening of a separate case into the TVM team and the searching of other teams during the race. The cycling world was shocked, and it was these incidents that gave the public its first insight into the dirty world of doped professional cycling.
3. Tour de france 2006/2007
2006 was the year that the Operación Puerto (or Fuente case) started rolling. Eufemiano Fuentes was alleged to have helped many athletes to dope themselves. The report from the spanish police received considerable attention before the Tour de France 2006, when it turned out that three of the main favorites of the competition was designated in the report and banned from the Tour de France. Lance Armstrongs old teammate won the 2006 Tour de France, but a doping analysis after 17 stage found a testosteronnivuea over twice the limit. The analysis further showed that it was a synthetic testosterone. Accordingly The International Cycling Union took away his 2006 Tour de France title, and decleared Oscar Pereiro the official winner. The 2007 Tour de France was affected by a series of scandals and speculations related to doping. By the end of the Tour, two cyclists were dismissed for testing positive including favorite Alexander Vinokourov and the wearer of the yellow jersey Michael Rasmussen was voluntarily retired by his team for lying about his whereabouts and missing doping tests. Before the Tour de france 2007 many former riders admitted doping. Among them 1996 winner Bjarne Riis, Erik Zabel and Rolf Aldag
2. Ben Johnson
In 1988, Ben Johnson won the 100m final at the Olympics in Seoul, lowering his own world record to 9.79 seconds. Johnson would later remark that he would have been even faster had he not raised his hand in the air just before he finished the race. However, Johnson's urine samples were found to contain stanozolol, and he was disqualified three days later. Instead The gold medal went to fellow american Carl Lewis.
1. Lance Armstrong
The case with most media attention is likely played out at this exact moment. Lance Armstrong was stripped of in public this week. The former "greatest cyclist in the world" has been brought down by alleged doping throughout his career, and has now and has now spoken out to Oprah Winfrey where he has admitted everything Doping in Professional Cycling has been apparant for years and Armstrong is the latest to fall looking for an advantage through chemistry.